The Tarragona Cathedral was built on top of a Roman temple

Catedral de Santa María de Tarragona

La Catedral de Santa María de Tarragona está construida en la parte más alta de Tarragona, sobre un lugar que ocupaban con anterioridad un templo romano, una catedral visigótica y una mezquita árabe. Se declaró monumento nacional en 1905. Tiene semejanzas a modelos franceses como la catedral de Amiens y sobre todo la de Reims. El parteluz o mainel de la puerta es una escultura de la la Virgen en cuyo pedestal tiene representadas escenas del Génesis con la creación de Adan y Eva y el Pecado original. Un gran rosetón que mide once metros de diámetro está situado sobre la puerta principal. Se estima que la nueva catedral se comenzó a construir alrededor del año 1171. Tras un studio del subsuelo de la Catedral, se han hallado indicios que bajo la misma se encuentra el templo romano dedicado a Augusto.

tarragona cathedral front view carrer major

Approaching the Cathedral from Carrer Mayor

tarragona cathedral front entrance facade

Front entrance resembling the Reims Cathedral

tarragona-bell-tower

Side view

Traces of a roman temple were found under the Cathedral

The Cathedral of Santa Maria de Tarragona is built on the highest part of the city over the remains of a roman temple, a visigothic church, and an arab mosque. The Cathedral was declared a national monument in 1905. The main entrance has similarities with those in the Cathedrals of Amiens and Reims. A statue depicting the Virgin Mary divides the entrance in two. Its pedestal shows scenes of the Genesis, with the creation of Adam and Eve and the Original Sin. A large rose window with a diameter of 11 meters is situated above the main entrance. Construction of this new Cathedral is estimated to have begun around 1171. Traces of a temple dedicated to the Roman emperor Augustus were found under the nave.

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